Diabetes is a serious disease that affects the way your body uses blood sugar. Millions of people live with the condition, which is chronic. There are two categories of the disease, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Although there is no cure, it is possible to manage your condition. Here are the best ways to manage your diabetes symptoms.
The key to managing your condition is to keep your blood sugar levels in the recommended range. However, that can be challenging because of a number of factors that might affect your blood sugar. Your food intake and consuming the right diet is one of the chief ways to manage your diabetes. You should limit your carbohydrate intake as carbs can have the largest impact on your blood sugar levels. Portion sizes are also important because they allow you to get the proper dosage of insulin.
Make sure each meal you eat is well balanced. This means you should have a good combination of fruits, vegetables, proteins, fats and starches. Choose healthy carbohydrates such as whole grains and avoid beverage that have sugary sweeteners, especially those that include corn syrup and sucralose.
It is also equally important to coordinate your meals with your medications. For instance, if you consume too little food when you take your regular dosage of insulin, it can lead to low blood sugar. Eating too much, on the other hand, can have the opposite effect and result in sugar levels that are too high. Talk with your doctor about the best ways to coordinate your meals and medications and about how to make a schedule for both that you can stick to.
Exercise is equally as important as your diet when you are managing your symptoms. It doesn’t have to be anything strenuous, but regular physical activity can help your body to use insulin better and your muscles can use glucose for energy. Talk with your doctor about devising an exercise plan that works for your age, general health and fitness level.
No matter what your routine and how long per day it’s recommended, always remember to keep well hydrated. Stick to a regular exercise schedule, check your blood sugar levels before, during and after your physical routine and have a small, healthy snack on hand during your activity, especially if you are outdoors and away from home. It may also be necessary to adjust your insulin intake before or during your exercise. Your doctor can give you advice on what to do.
When it comes to your medication, you must always know what to do. Store your insulin properly and replace any that has expired. Talk with your doctor if you notice anything odd regarding your blood sugar levels when you take your medication. You should also be cautious when you are prescribed new medications and ask questions about whether it will affect your diabetes. Occasionally, you may need an alternative that is safer.
These are important steps to follow when you are managing diabetes. Always speak with your doctor if you notice any adverse changes in your health.